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We study the arithmetic of abelian varieties over where is an arbitrary field. The main result relates Mordell–Weil groups of certain Jacobians over to homomorphisms of other Jacobians over . Our methods also yield completely explicit points on elliptic curves with unbounded rank over and a new construction of elliptic curves with moderately high rank over .
Abstract. Well-known analogies between number fields and function fields have led to the transposition of many problems from one domain to the other. In this paper, we discuss traffic of this sort, in both directions, in the theory of elliptic curves. In the first part of the paper, we consider various works on Heegner points and Gross–Zagier formulas in the function field context; these works lead to a complete proof of the conjecture of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer for elliptic curves of analytic rank at most 1 over function fields of characteristic > 3. In the second part of the paper, we review the fact that the rank conjecture for elliptic curves over function fields is now known to be true, and that the curves which prove this have asymptotically maximal rank for their conductors. The fact that these curves meet rank bounds suggests interesting problems on elliptic curves over number fields, cyclotomic fields, and function fields over number fields. These problems are discussed in the last four sections of the paper.
The purpose of this paper is to discuss some work on elliptic curves over function fields inspired by the Gross–Zagier theorem and to present new ideas about ranks of elliptic curves from the function field case which I hope will inspire work over number fields.
We begin in Section 2 by reviewing the current state of knowledge on the conjecture of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer for elliptic curves over function fields.
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