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Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. ‘Westburn M’) was grown for 2 yr at two locations with full-season interference from buffalobur (Solanum rostratum Dunal ♯ SOLCU) at densities ranging from 0 to 64 plants/10 m of row. Dry weight of buffalobur harvested increased by 0.063 to 0.303 kg/plot for each additional weed/10 m of row. Intraspecific competition among buffalobur plants was observed at the higher weed densities. Cotton plant height was reduced by 16 and 32 buffalobur plants/10 m of row (or more) at Tipton and Perkins, OK, respectively, when compared with cotton grown under weed-free conditions. The threshold densities at which initial lint yield reductions occurred were 8 buffalobur plants/10 m of row in 1982 and 1983 at Tipton and 32 and 2 plants/10 m of row at Perkins in 1982 and 1983, respectively. Lint yields were reduced curvilinearly from 6 to 18 kg/ha for each additional buffalobur plant/10 m of row. Fiber quality was not significantly influenced by weed density when analyzed over all experiments; however, 50% span length, uniformity index, and micronaire were adversely affected in some environments.
Relationships between production of cotton (Gossypium birsutum L. ‘Westburn M’) and full-season interference from tumble pigweed (Amaranthus albus L. ♯ AMAAL) at densities ranging from 0 to 64 plants/10 m of row were measured in three replicated experiments in the field. Dry weight of harvested tumble pigweed increased by 0.149 to 0.402 kg/plot for each additional weed/10 m of row. Intraspecific competition among tumble pigweed plants was observed at the higher weed densities. Cotton plant height was reduced in all three experiments at the 32 or 64 weed densities, but harvesting difficulties were not encountered in these studies. The threshold density where initial lint yield reductions occurred ranged from 4 to 16 tumble pigweed plants/10 m of row in the three experiments. Lint yields were reduced from 8 to 11 kg/ha for each additional tumble pigweed plant/10 m of row. Interference from tumble pigweed did not significantly affect cotton fiber length, uniformity, strength, or micronaire of hand-harvested bolls.
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