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The Korean VLBI Network (KVN) is a unique millimeter VLBI system which is consisted of three 21 m telescopes with relatively short baselines. We present the preliminary results of simultaneous monitoring observations of the 22.2 GHz H2O and 43.1/42.8/86.2/129.3 GHz SiO masers based on the KVN Key Science Project (KSP). We obtained the astrometrically registered maps of the H2O and SiO masers toward nine evolved stars using the source frequency phase referencing method (SFPR). The SFPR maps of the H2O and SiO masers enabled us to investigate the spatial structure and kinematics from the SiO to H2O maser regions including the development of an outward motion from the ring-like or elliptical structures of SiO masers to the asymmetric structures of the 22.2 GHz H2O maser features. In particular, the 86.2/129.3 GHz SiO (v=1, J=2–1 and J=3–2) masers were clearly imaged toward several objects for the first time. The SiO v=1, J=3–2 maser shows different distributions compared to those of the SiO v=1, 2, J=1–0 and v=1, J=2–1 masers implying a different physical condition.
We have propsed MgO/AZO bi-layer transparent conducting oxide (TCO) for thin film solar cells. From XRD analysis, it was observed that the full width at half maximum of AZO decreased when it was grown on MgO precursor. The Hall mobility of MgO/AZO bi-layer was 17.5cm2/Vs, whereas that of AZO was 20.8cm2/Vs. These indicated that the crystallinity of AZO decreased by employing MgO precursor. However, the haze (=total diffusive transmittance/total transmittance) characteristics of highly crystalline AZO was significantly improved by MgO precursor. The average haze in the visible region increased from 14.3 to 48.2%, and that in the NIR region increased from 6.3 to 18.9%. The reflectance of microcrystalline silicon solar cell was decreased and external quantum efficiency was significantly improved by applying MgO/AZO bi-layer TCO. The efficiency of microcrystalline silicon solar cell with MgO/AZO bi-layer front TCO was 6.66%, whereas the efficiency of one with AZO single TCO was 5.19%.
A gold and aluminum layer was investigated as an anode for organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs). By pretreating the ultrathin aluminum layer in an oxygen (O2) plasma, the hole injection from the metal anode to the organic layer was greatly enhanced. The fabricated OLEDs demonstrated improved current density and luminance characteristics as compared with other devices using a gold anode and an aluminum layer not treated with an oxygen plasma.
In this work we have investigated the low-energy photoluminescence (PL) band with a peak between 0.8 eV and 1.0 eV for microcrystalline silicon films (μc-Si:H) grown under various growth conditions. At least four subbands are observed, the peaks of which are located near 0.80 eV, 0.87 eV, 0.92 eV, and 0.97 eV, respectively. It is suggested that the low-energy PL band basically arises from a superposition of these subbands, whose intensities strongly depend on deposition conditions, and thus its peak is determined by the sum of these subband intensities. From the results, it is suggested that the subband centered at 0.92 eV originates from defect-related radiative recombination in the amorphous phase rather than radiative band tail-to-tail transitions in the grain boundaries.
A 6-DOF motion bed is proposed as
a nonlinear robust observer to solve the forward kinematics problem
of a Stewart platform. The stability of the estimation error
dynamics is proved via Lyapunov stability analysis and the error
dynamics shows practical stability. An observer design algorithm which tackles
the nonlinearity and uncertainty both in the system and in
the output is presented by a new arithmetic Riccati equation.
The estimation performance for the algorithm is verified using both
simulations and experiments. The equation employs the bounding condition computed
from the platform dynamics.
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