In the C1 population of Drosophila melanogaster of moderate effective size (≈500), which was genetically invariant in its origin, we studied the regeneration by spontaneous mutation of the genetic variance for two metric traits [abdominal (AB) and sternopleural (ST) bristle number] and that of the concealed mutation load for viability, together with their temporal stability, using alternative selection models based on mutational parameters estimated in the C1 genetic background. During generations 381–485 of mutation accumulation (MA), the additive variances of AB and ST approached the levels observed in standing laboratory populations, fluctuating around their expected equilibrium values under neutrality or under relatively weak causal stabilizing selection. This type of selection was required to simultaneously account for the observed additive variance in our population and for those previously reported in natural and laboratory populations, indicating that most mutations affecting bristle traits would only be subjected to weak selective constraints. Although gene action for bristles was essentially additive, transient situations occurred where inbreeding resulted in a depression of the mean and an increase of the additive variance. This was ascribed to the occasional segregation of mutations of large recessive effects. On the other hand, the observed non-lethal inbreeding depression for viability must be explained by the segregation of alleles of considerable and largely recessive deleterious effects, and the corresponding load concealed in the heterozygous condition was found to be temporally stable, as expected from tighter constraints imposed by natural selection.