Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti Medic. ♯3 ABUTH) grown under monoculture consistently exceeded velvetleaf intercropped with soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merr. var. ‘Amsoy 71′] in leaf area, nodes with fully developed leaves, canopy width, branches, and number of capsules as early as 3, 3, 4, 5, and 8 weeks, respectively, after simultaneous emergence. Velvetleaf plants without soybean competition eventually developed over nine times the dry matter of velvetleaf intercropped with soybean. The only components of velvetleaf plants sampled which sometimes increased significantly when soybean was defoliated in a manner simulating damage caused by the green cloverworm (GCW) (Plathypena scabra F.) were leaf area, number of leaves, and number of main-stem nodes. Soybeans in Iowa are attacked by the GCW late enough in the growing season that velvetleaf surviving previous weed management efforts benefited only slightly.