The dependence of the superconducting properties of RBa2Cu3−xMxOz (R = Y, Gd, M = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and x = 0.0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, 1.0, 3.0) on the oxidizing environment used during the processing (sintering/annealing) of these materials has been investigated. Samples of nominal composition, YBa2Cu3Oz, were prepared from the same starting materials and subjected to two different controlled heat treatments, under both controlled oxygen and ozone atmospheres. Measurements of ac electrical resistance versus temperature indicate that the critical temperatures are increased, and the widths of the superconducting transitions are narrowed for identically heat-treated samples when processed under ozone atmosphere rather than under an oxygen environment. Thermogravimetric analysis data indicate this trend to be correlated with increased oxygen content and thermal stability. This effect is also observable for materials with metal substitution for Cu, although the measured Tc's are generally lower for increased values of x. X-ray powder diffraction analysis showed the materials to be mostly single phase.