The use of coal, as either a primary energy source or as a source of feedstock chemicals, has been complicated by the noxious and toxic chemical species formed in its gaseous effluents and also by the huge quantities of ash vhich result from its processing. Both the noxious gases and the ash have been the subjects of Federal legislations.
X-ray powder patterns (XRPP), composed of atom-pair and self x~ray scattering and the diffraction produced by crystalline phases, have long been used to investigate coals and particularly their combustion ashes (1-3). Over twenty different crystalline phases have recently been reported to exist in certain lignite fly ash (3). Analysis of the crystalline phases has typically been emphasized in previous papers involving coals and ashes, but the amorphous scattering has been given little treatment.