To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Traumatic injuries account for about 37% of emergency department (ED) visits. In 2000, EDs in the US evaluated and treated more than 29.5 million people for injuries. More than 148,000 of these people died as a result of traumatic injuries. Of these deaths, 43,354 were the result of motor vehicle crashes, 16,765 from homicide, and 13,322 from falls. Each year, approximately 7000 fatalities occur in pedestrians struck by automobiles. Falls are the number one cause of non-fatal trauma and the second leading cause of brain injury. According to a 1999 study (using 1993 data), the treatment and long-term care of injuries cost $69 billion, approximately 12% of medical care expenditures.
Patients with severe or life-threatening traumatic injuries may present to the ED at any time of day, either immediately following their injury or in a delayed fashion. They may arrive by ambulance having benefited from pre-hospital care and advanced notification, or be “dropped off” by a friend or family member. Emergency physicians must be skilled at the initial evaluation and treatment of these patients.
Peaks of death
Death from traumatic injury tends to occur during one of three distinct time frames following the injury. The first “peak of death” occurs within seconds to minutes of the injury, typically resulting from devastating injuries to the central nervous system, heart, or major vessels. Very few of these patients can be saved.
The second “peak of death” occurs minutes to hours following the injury.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.