To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Sickle cell disease is known to cause various degrees of vasculopathy, including impact on heart function. The aims of this single-centre, retrospective study were to assess cardiac chamber size and function and the relationship with haematological indices such as haemoglobin, aspartate aminotransferase, reticulocytosis and bilirubin, lactate dehydrogenase in sickle cell disease.
Right ventricle and left ventricle diastolic diameters, left ventricle mass estimate, left ventricle shortening fraction, myocardial performance index, and an index of myocardial relaxation (E/E’) were calculated and correlated with haematological parameters.
A total of 110 patients (65% haemoglobin SS, 29% haemoglobin SC) were studied at a mean age of 12.14±5.26 years. Right ventricle dilatation and left ventricle dilatation were present in 61.5 and 42.9%, respectively. Left ventricle mass was abnormal in 21.9%; all patients had normal myocardial performance index, 31.4% had abnormal E/E’, and left ventricle shortening fraction was low in 38.1%. Cardiac dilatation was best correlated with haemoglobin, aspartate aminotransferase, reticulocytosis and bilirubin. Best subset regression analysis yielded significant additional prediction for right ventricle or left ventricle dilatation with haemoglobin, bilirubin, and lactate dehydrogenase. Abnormal E/E’ was solely predictable with haemoglobin level. Hydroxyurea-treated patients had improved diastolic function.
Right ventricle dilatation was more prevalent than left ventricle dilatation. The long-term consequences of right ventricular dilatation, clinical consequences, and association with pulmonary vasculopathy need to be further determined.
Pressure overload increases in patients with moderate aortic valvular stenosis during exercise. In the absence of symptoms, it remains difficult, however, to discriminate patients for surgery based only on pressure overload. Other parameters, such as the dispersion of ventricular re-polarisation (d-QT), which reportedly increases with the transvalvular pressure gradient, have not been fully studied in this condition.
To determine the pattern of QT and d-QT response to exercise testing in children with moderate aortic valve stenosis in order to evaluate the impact of pressure overload from an electrophysiological perspective.
Materials and methods
In all, 15 patients were compared with 15 controls paired for age (14.8±2.5 versus 14.2±1.5 years old) and gender (66.7% male). All the patients underwent exercise stress testing with 12-lead electrocardiograph recording. QT was measured from the onset of QRS to the apex (QTa) at rest, at peak exercise, and at 1 and 3 minutes upon recovery. QT was corrected using the Fridericia equation, and d-QT was calculated.
Resting QTc was similar among the study groups, but increased significantly in study patients compared with the control group at maximal effort (p=0.004) and after 1 (p<0.001) and 3 (p<0.001) minutes of recovery. A significant association was identified between groups for d-QT (p=0.034), and post-hoc tests revealed a significant difference only at rest (p=0.001).
Ventricular re-polarisation abnormalities can be unmasked and highlighted by the assessment of electrical re-polarisation during exercise challenge in patients with asymptomatic moderate aortic valve stenosis. Using QT response to exercise could be beneficial for better optimisation of risk stratification in these patients.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.