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We present new constraints on the cosmic cold molecular gas evolution out to redshift 6 based on systematic mining of the public ALMA archive in the COSMOS field (A3 COSMOS). Our A3 COSMOS dataset contains ∼ 700 galaxies (0.3 ≲ z ≲ 6) with high-confidence ALMA detection and multi-wavelength SEDs. Combining with ∼ 1,200 CO-observed galaxies at 0 ≲ z ≲ 4 (75% at z < 0.1) in the literature, we parameterize galaxies’ molecular gas depletion time and gas fraction each as a function of stellar mass, offset from the star-forming main-sequence and cosmic age. We propose a new functional form which provides a better fit and implies a “downsizing” effect and “mass-quenching”. By adopting galaxy stellar mass functions and applying our gas fraction function, we obtain a cosmic cold molecular gas density evolution in agreement with recent CO blind field surveys as well as semi-analytic modeling. These together provide us a coherent picture of galaxy cold molecular gas, SFR and stellar mass evolution.
In this paper, we review the status of the multifunctional experimental platform at the National Laboratory of High Power Laser and Physics (NLHPLP). The platform, including the SG-II laser facility, SG-II 9th beam, SG-II upgrade (SG-II UP) facility, and SG-II 5 PW facility, is operational and available for interested scientists studying inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and a broad range of high-energy-density physics. These facilities can provide important experimental capabilities by combining different pulse widths of nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond scales. In addition, the SG-II UP facility, consisting of a single petawatt system and an eight-beam nanosecond system, is introduced including several laser technologies that have been developed to ensure the performance of the facility. Recent developments of the SG-II 5 PW facility are also presented.
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