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Neurocognitive abnormalities are prevalent in both first episode schizophrenia patients and in ultra high risk (UHR) patients.
To compare verbal fluency performance at baseline in UHR in patients that did and did not make the transition to psychosis.
Baseline verbal fluency performance in UHR-patients (n = 47) was compared to match first episode patients (n = 69) and normal controls (n = 42).
Verbal fluency (semantic category) scores in UHR-patients did not differ significantly from the score in first episode schizophrenia patients. Both the UHR group (p < 0.003) and the patient group (p < 0.0001) performed significantly worse than controls. Compared to the non-transition group, the transition group performed worse on verbal fluency, semantic category (p < 0.006) at baseline.
Verbal fluency (semantic category) is disturbed in UHR-patients that make the transition to psychosis and could contribute to an improved prediction of transition to psychosis in UHR-patients.
Both schizophrenia and ultra high risk (UHR) patients show reduced neurocognitive performance compared to matched healthy control subjects. In the current study we compared neurocognitive performance at baseline and follow up between UHR patients who made the transition to psychosis and patients who did not.
Patients were eligible for the study when they met criteria for one or more of the following groups: Attenuated symptoms or brief limited intermitted psychotic symptoms or a first degree family member with a psychotic disorder and reduced functioning or basic symptoms. We assessed 216 UHR patients (166 males, mean age: 22,6 SD 5,2) with a neuropsychological test battery composed of the National adult reading test (premorbid IQ), California verbal memory test (verbal memory), spatial working memory test, verbal fluency first letter and categories (executive functioning), finger tapping test (motor speed) and continuous performance test (sustained attention). Data were collected in 7 participating centres of EPOS. Follow up was at 9 months.
37 UHR patients made the transition to psychosis (25 males, mean age 21,5 SD 4,8). The only test that showed a significant difference between the transition and non transition group at baseline was verbal fluency categories (t= 2.79, p = 0.006).
Patients who later make the transition to psychosis perform significantly worse on verbal fluency categories than patients who do not make the transition to psychosis. Verbal fluency may contribute to an improved prediction of psychosis in UHR patients. Follow up results will also be presented.
To determine predictors of transition from ultrahigh risk into psychosis.
The Dutch EDIE trial has included 201 people with an ultrahigh risk for psychosis. These were included with both a referral based strategy and a screening all help-seeking people strategy. The study had a 24 month inclusion period and an 18 mont follow-up period with each patient. The preliminary results are presented.
A loogistic regression was performed over 164 cases. 29 patients developed a psychosis.
Predictor variables were depression, social intercation anxiety, positive symptoms on the CAARMS, negative symptoms on the CAARMS, quality of life, social functioning, genetic risk, and the personal beliefs about illness.
The backward logistice regression (likelyhood ratio) discarded four variables. Predictors of psychosis were depression, positive symptoms, genetic liability and beliefs about illness at basline.
People with hihd scores on depression and positive symptoms are likely to develop a psychosis. Also those who have a psychotic parent and positive symptoms a more lekly to make a transition. Interestingly people that consider their condition as hopeless, feel entrapped by their condition, excluded by other pople and not in control of symptoms also have a heightened chance for developing psychosis in this sample.
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