Geomorphological observations show no detectable uplift (i.e. falling relative sea level) of Amery Oasis since the establishment of relatively stable sea level during the mid-Holocene. The observations around the basin of Beaver Lake include an absence of raised shoreline features, the presence down to the present tidal limit of in situ ventifacts and residual landforms, the cliffed southern shoreline and adjacent shallow subhorizontal floor of Beaver Lake, and the composition of recent moraines on the basin's north eastern edge. This lack of Holocene uplift is consistent with low uplift rates observed from coastal oases of East Antarctica and suggests minor, rather than major, changes to the Antarctic ice sheet during the most recent Quaternary glacial cycle. The formation of Beaver basin is attributed to late Cenozoic glacial excavation by south flowing ice of the palaeo-Nemesis Glacier, initially eroding when relative sea level was higher than it is today. The basin containing Radok Lake was excavated by the palaeo-Battye Glacier probably when most effective during the numerous long cold periods of the late Cenozoic. The field evidence from landforms and the presence of marine fossil deposits suggests Amery Oasis was not overrun by erosive ice since at least the Pliocene, major ice streams such as Lambert Glacier flowing then, as now, around the oasis.