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Comorbidity has been defined as the coexistence of somatic and psychiatric diseases with diferent physiopatology in the same person, and it can appear simultaneously to the schizophrenia or during the patient's lifetime. There are two types of comorbidity: episodical or taking place during the lifetime of the patient. We can diffferenciate between comorbidity itself (in cluster, dependent or associated) to the so-called pseudo-comorbidity. Besides, comorbidity has been classified as a co-syndrome and it is considered a prognosis indicator of this disease, which can determine an increase in the rates related to relapses, worse response to treatment, less capacity to cope with social situations, and suicide in patients suffering from schizophrenia.
177 schizophrenic patients were assessed for affective symptoms and suicide behaviour. 24.3% were suffered for depression. 35% had a previous record of autolytic attempts. The rate of suicide history were higher among depressed schizophrenics (50%) than non-depressed schizophrenics (20%) (p<0,05).
We point out the clinic importance of suicide in schizophrenic patients suffering from depression. Moreover, the study shows the necessity to carry out longitudinal studies to recognize indicators of depression in advance and establish the diagnosis of depression, and, also, to acknowledge the importance of the gender factor in the depression of schizophrenic patients.
The Eating Disorders Unit (EDU) of the Santa Cristina Hospital (Madrid) is an intensive treatment resource addressed to chronic patients diagnosed with eating disorders (ED) with repeated therapeutic failures and / or psychiatric comorbidities.
In recent years the number of patients referred with overweight and obesity is increasing more and more, becoming the 21% of the treated patients.
Considering the increasing demand to treating patients with overweight and obesity and their differential clinical features we created a specific treatment program specially for this population.
EDU is a partial hospitalization resource with two shifts, the one in the afternoon is addressed to patients with impulse control deficit, diagnosed with Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder. The treatment at this Unit is essentially multidisciplinary and mainly based on group dynamics.
Overweight and obese patients attend to a specific program to manage eating symptoms, disease awareness and motivation to change, and futhermore to enhance weight loss promoting moderate physical exercise and the acquisition of healthy habits based on the Mediterranean Diet. They are also provided a more homogeneous space to deal with their body dissatisfaction.
Patients who follow the specific overweight / obesity program experience strong group cohesion that is very motivating to introduce progressive changes in self-care.
Clinical management of overweight and obesity is complicated when there is a comorbid eating disorder. A specific and intensive multidisciplinary treatment is recommended in these type of patients.
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