Escherichia coli O157 causes a range of illnesses from mild diarrhoea to haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) which carries a mortality rate of 3·7%. Infection is more common in the under-5s. Between 1995 and 2000, 106 outbreaks of E. coli O157 were reported in England and Wales. Recreational water is well documented as a transmission route for infectious diseases worldwide. In the United Kingdom there have been very few reported outbreaks associated with swimming pools due to the relative susceptibility of E. coli O157 to adequate levels of free chlorine. This report describes the investigation of an outbreak associated with a local leisure centre pool and makes recommendations about the safe management of such facilities.