Wavelengths of stellar spectral lines depend not only on the star’s motion. Until recently, accurate studies of shifts not caused by radial motion were feasible only for the Sun. Solar lineshifts are interpreted as gravitational redshift (636 m/s) and convective blueshifts (~ 400 m/s; caused by velocity-brightness correlations). In other stars, such effects may be greater (Dravins & Nordlund 1990). Accurate astrometric radial velocities are now available from Hipparcos (Dravins et al. 1997a; 1997b), permitting studies of such shifts also in some other stars.
For such stars in the open clusters of Hyades, Ursa Major and Coma Berenices, a spectroscopic program is in progress, analyzing wavelength shifts in groups of lines with different strengths, excitation potentials, etc., using the ELODIE high-precision radial-velocity instrument (Baranne et al. 1996) at Haute-Provence Observatory.