Berkeley's system, whatever may be the right textbook
label to apply to it, was
plainly a piece of religious apologetics, the outline of a constructive
of a theistic metaphysic. From the Principles onwards he was fashioning
case for the existence of God, of a certain kind of God with a
certain kind of relation to the world.
Berkeley's introductory remarks to several of his treatises
evaluation. Berkeley saw his task to be the defence of the central tenets
classical theism, achieved through ‘a plain demonstration of the
Providence of an all-seeing God, and the natural immortality
of the soul...’. At the foundation of this defence, as is
well known, lies the metaphysic
commonly called ‘immaterialism’, which holds that, contrary
belief, physical objects are not enduring material substances, but rather
inhering in finite and infinite spirit.