An hydrogenated amorphous silicon junction field effect transistor suitable for analog and digital applications is presented. The device is constituted by a p+ - i - n− junction, with the drain and source contacts patterned on the n-doped layer and the gate electrode patterned on the p+ doped layer. As in the crystalline case, the device is a voltage-controlled resistor, and its drain-source resistance can be varied, with a voltage applied to the gate electrode, by modulating the width of the depletion layer extending into the n-type channel.
The doping value of this layer has been chosen as a trade-off between high value of channel conductivity and a relatively low defect density in the material. The manufactured device, with W/L=5000/200 μm, shows the typical current-voltage curves of a JFET. In particular, at low VDS, the current presents the linear behavior of the triode zone, where the JFET operates as a linear resistance whose value is controlled by the gate voltage. At higher VDS the JFET works in the pinch-off region as a dependent current generator.
First results are very encouraging, since we have achieved transconductance values of 10−6 V/A, which are comparable to those of state of the art TFT.