To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Spasticity causes seating challenges for a variety of people with disabilities: from children with cerebral palsy, young adults with head injuries, middle aged people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and older persons who have suffered cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs) and use wheelchairs. Spasticity, in itself, is not necessarily a problem and may assist in maintaining a seated posture. This is in contrast to hypotonia, where providing seated support in a functional position is often very difficult. Detailed assessment is essential so that a full picture of patient's problems relating to spasticity is drawn up in order that clear, specific and realistic objectives can be agreed on by all those present and a detailed prescription produced to achieve the objectives. In any system that claims to reduce spasticity and thereby promote good seated posture, reduction in joint contractures and improvement in upper limb function, it is important that such claims are validated.
ABSTRACT. This chapter identifies, and provides perspective on, trends and developments in decision-analysis applications, based primarily on an exhaustive survey of decision-analysis applications published in the period 1990–2001 in major English-language operations research and closely related journals. It serves as a guide to those interested in recent applications in specific areas or in applications that illustrate the use of particular methods. We compare the characteristics of the applications articles surveyed here with those of applications articles appearing in a similar set of journals between 1970 and 1989 and conclude that the overall rate of publication of decision-analysis applications has increased. In addition, we find that both the mix of application areas and the specific aspects of decision analysis that are emphasized in applications publications have shifted somewhat. We also identify and discuss noteworthy trends in, and developments affecting, published applications, including those in computer software and software-related tools, decision conferencing, stochastic trees, value-focused thinking, normative systems, organizational processes, and real options. We highlight several award-winning decision-analysis applications and discuss formation of a new practitioner-oriented professional group. Finally, we present some concerns and thoughts on future needs for advancing decision-analysis practice.
This chapter provides our perspective on the state of decision-analysis applications, based primarily on a survey of applications articles published from 1990 to 2001 in major English-language operations research journals and other closely related journals.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.