To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
To identify the etiologic agent and risk factors associated with a hospital ward outbreak of gastroenteritis.
A regional referral hospital in upstate South Carolina.
We reviewed patient charts, surveyed staff, and tested stool from acutely ill persons. A case was defined as diarrhea and vomiting in a staff member or patient from January 5 to 13, 1996.
The initial case occurred on January 5 in a staff nurse who subsequently was hospitalized on the ward and visited by many staff colleagues. The staff were at a significantly greater risk for gastroenteritis than were patients (28/89 [31%] vs 10/91 [11%]; relative risk [RR], 2.9; 95% confidence interval [CI95], 1.5-5.5). All 10 case-patients had been exposed to case-nurses (assigned nurses who were primary caretakers), and eight had documented exposure to case-nurses 1 to 2 days before their illness. Patients exposed to case-nurses had a significantly increased risk of illness (8/57 [14%] vs 0/32; RR, >4.5; CI95, undefined). Neither staff nor patients had significantly increased risk from food, water, ice, or exposure to case-patients. Electron microscopy identified small round-structured viruses (SRSVs) in nine of nine stool samples.
This nosocomial outbreak of gastroenteritis was likely caused by SRSVs introduced by a staff member and spread via person-to-person transmission from and among staff. The potential for spread of SRSV-associated gastroenteritis from and among staff should be considered in developing strategies to prevent similar outbreaks in hospital settings
To assess the previous human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing experience and the hepatitis B (HB) vaccination and testing status of healthcare workers potentially involved in invasive surgical procedures.
Anonymous questionnaire survey.
Tertiary care and community-teaching medical center and affiliated healthcare facilities in Greenville County, South Carolina.
Physicians (including residents in training), dentists, nurses and surgical technicians working in the operating room and labor/delivery areas.
Of 506 responding physicians and dentists (65% of the sample), 60% previously had had a test for HIV, and 72% had received HB vaccine. Testing had occurred most often because of a requirement by an insurance company or because of blood donation. Eighty percent of tested respondents had their most recent test within 2 years of the time of the survey (August 1991). Of 145 responding nurses and surgical technicians (73% of the sample), 26% had had a test for HIV and 77% had received HB vaccine.
The majority of surgeons and dentists in Greenville County, South Carolina, already have been tested for HIV for a variety of reasons and thus are aware of their HIV infection status, at least as of the time of the most recent test. The majority of local healthcare workers who are potentially involved with invasive surgical procedures have received HB vaccine. Programs developed in response to recent US Public Health Service guidelines should take HIV testing of healthcare workers for any reason into consideration and should emphasize HB vaccination and testing for vaccine-induced HB immunity
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.