To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
The adrenal glands are located at the upper margin of the kidneys about the level of the 12th thoracic vertebra. They are composed of two functional parts, the medulla and the cortex. Disease processes of the adrenal glands that may require surgical intervention result from excessive secretion of one or more of these hormones. A secretory tumour of the medulla is known as a phaeochromocytoma, which produces high circulating concentrations of catecholamines. In the cortex, benign secretory adenomas can produce cortisol resulting in high circulating levels (Cushing's disease) or secrete aldosterone (Conn's syndrome). Prolonged treatment with steroids such as prednisolone can produce secondary adrenocortical insufficiency due to suppression of the normal control mechanisms. This results in profound cardiovascular collapse in the perioperative period. This severe complication can be avoided by supplementation with cortisol.
Bringing together many of the world's leading experts, this volume is a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review of climate change science, impacts, mitigation, adaptation, and policy. It provides an integrated assessment of research on the key topics that underlie current controversial policy questions. The first part of the book addresses recent topics and findings related to the physical-biological earth system. The next part of the book surveys estimates of the impacts of climate change for different sectors and regions. The third part examines current topics related to mitigation of greenhouse gases and explores the potential roles of various technological options. The last part focuses on policy design under uncertainty. Dealing with the scientific, economic and policy questions at the forefront of the climate change issue, this book will be invaluable for graduate students, researchers and policymakers interested in all aspects of climate change and the issues that surround it.