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When developing a learning game, how important is it to include the elements of story? How do you develop a story for learning games? Is it hard to do? Is it worth it? In this chapter, you will learn about the importance of using story in learning environments, more specifically serious games. We introduce approaches that you can use to embed story into games. We also introduce key issues and challenges designers face when trying to incorporate story into learning games and provide recommendations for overcoming them.
We all tell stories. Man has used them for thousands of years as a way to share experiences, pass on cultural traditions, celebrate the past, imagine the future, and communicate lessons learned. It seems that we have always turned to stories as a way to transmit thoughts, feelings, and knowledge. So what makes a story so special? When we have an opportunity to exchange or deliver information, why do stories seem to convey the message better than other constructs such as bullet points, outlines, or reports? The answer is that we are built to understand stories.
This chapter reviews the major advances in autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant ataxias, discusses the use of genetic tests in these disorders, and summarizes some current ideas regarding pathogenesis. It also presents a list of the autosomal recessive ataxias that have been genotypically characterized to date. Mutations in ataxia with isolated vitamin E deficiency (AVED) are scattered throughout the gene and some of them may be associated with a mild phenotype, late onset, retinitis pigmentosa, and retained reflexes. A syndrome of ataxia associated with optic atrophy, visual loss, and cochlear degeneration has been mapped to chromosome. The spinocerebellar ataxia (SCAs) exhibits many phenotypic similarities so that it is almost impossible to diagnose the genotype from the phenotype alone. Many persons from families with ataxia will request predictive testing and occasionally prenatal testing. Disease-modifying therapies are under investigation and include antioxidants and drugs that may modify excitotoxicity or apoptosis.