For the first time in 2017 adults with CHD was included in the World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery. With growing numbers and more complex patients reaching adulthood, there is a growing need for more attention to this subspecialty. Although survival is excellent and now over 90% of patients reach adulthood, many have residual problems and complications. Heart failure and arrhythmias are most commonly encountered. Life-expectancy is nearly normal for mild lesions, but remains reduced in moderate-complex lesions and re-interventions are often needed. As most patients want to live a normal life, sports participation and pregnancy become very important issues. Finally, although innovative treatments are being developed, including for end-stage heart failure, we have to refine strategies for optimal care, including during the end-stage lives of our patients. This article provides an overview of a selection of topics in the field of adults with CHD presented during the 2017 Seventh World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery (WCPCCS) in Barcelona.