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Previous work on YBa2Cu3O7−x (YBCO) + BaSnO3 (BSO) films with a single composition showed significant critical current density (Jc) improvements at higher fields but lowered Jc in low fields. A detailed study on BSO concentrations provided here demonstrates that significant Jc enhancement can occur even up to 20 mol% BSO inclusion, where typical particulate inclusions in these concentrations degrade the YBCO performance. YBCO + BSO films were processed on (100) LaAlO3 substrates using premixed targets of YBa2Cu3O7-x (YBCO) with additions of 2, 4, 10, and 20 mol% BSO. The critical transition temperature Tc of the films remained high (>87 K), even with large amounts (20 mol%) of BSO. YBCO + BSO films showed a gradual increase in Jc at high fields as the amount of BSO was increased. More than an order of magnitude increase in Jc was measured in YBCO + BSO samples as compared to regular YBCO at 4 T. YBCO + 10 mol% BSO films showed overall improvement at all the field ranges while YBCO + 20 mol% BSO was better only at high fields. Transmission electron microscopy revealed the presence of ∼7–8-nm-diameter BSO nanocolumns, the density of which increased with increasing BSO content correlating well with the observed improvements in Jc.
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