Euthymic patients with bipolar disorder (BD) experience residual symptoms. Interestingly, residual symptoms appear to impact the natural course of BD and represent potential predictors of recurrence and functional impairment.
The study aimed to analyse the relationship between residual depressive symptoms, sleep disturbances and cognitive impairment as determinants of psychosocial functioning in a large sample of euthymic BD patients.
We performed a cross-sectional study of 468 BD outpatients in clinical remission for at least 6 months. Bipolar Depression Rating Scale (BDRS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scale, Visual Analogic Scales (VAS) evaluated cognitive impairment and functioning assessment short test were used to assess residual symptomatology and functioning of patients. We evaluated functioning with. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to describe the relationships among the residual depressive symptoms, sleep disturbances, perceived cognitive performance and functioning.
SEM showed good fit. This model revealed that residual depressive symptoms (path coefficient = 0.37) and perceived cognitive performance (path coefficient = 0.27) were the most important features significantly related to psychosocial functioning. Sleep disturbances were indirectly associated with functioning via residual depressive symptoms and perceived cognitive performance (path coefficient = 0.23).
This study contributes to a better understanding of the determinants of psychosocial functioning during the interepisodic periods of BD patients. These findings should have implications for the improvement of functioning of BD patients in a personalized approach to treatment.
Disclosure of interest
COI: Dr. Samalin reports personal fees and nonfinancial support from Astra-Zeneca, Bristol Myers Squibb, Janssen, Lundbeck, and Otsuka.
The authors L. Boyer, A. Murru, I. Pacchiarotti, M. Reinares, C.M. Bonnin, C. Torrent, V. Norma, P. Corinna, I. de Chazeron, M. Boucekine, P.A. Geoffroy, F. Bellivier, P.M. Llorca, E. Vieta have have not supplied their declaration of competing interest.