The dependence of dark conductivity and room temperature Raman spectra on boron and hydrogen incorporation in thin films of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) prepared by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition was investigated. It was found that the dominant conductivity is Mott variable range hopping conduction. However, at lower temperatures, Efros-Shklosvkii hopping conduction is observed and contributes to the total conductivity. For structural characterization, transverse optical (TO) and transverse acoustic (TA) modes of the Raman spectra were studied to relate changes in short- and mid-range order to the effects of boron and hydrogen incorporation. With an increase of hydrogen incorporation and/or substrate temperature, both short and mid-range order improve, whereas the addition of boron results in the degradation of the short range order. The line width and frequency of the Raman TO Raman peak correlate with electrical measurements and suggest that this technique can be used for non-destructive characterization of a-Si:H.