An estimated 5–10% of all breast and ovarian cancers are due to an inherited predisposition, representing a rather large number of patients. In Spain 1/13–1/14 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer during their lifetime. Two major breast cancer genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, have been identified. To date, several hundred pathogenic mutations in these two genes have been published or reported to the Breast Cancer Information Core, BIC database (http://www.nhgri.nih.gov/Intramural_research_Lab transfer/Bic/index.html). In the present study, 30 Spanish breast and breast/ovarian cancer families (29 from Galicia, NW Spain, and 1 from Catalonia, NE Spain) were screened for mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. The analysis of these genes was carried out by SSCP for shorter exons and direct sequencing in the case of longer ones. Mutations were found in 8 of the 30 families studied (26.66%). It is important to note that all mutations were detected within the BRCA1 gene: 330 A>G, 910_913delGTTC, 2121 C>T, 3958_3962delCTCAGinsAGGC, and 5530 T>A. The BRCA1 330 A>G mutation was found in four unrelated families and accounted for 50% of all identified mutations.