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Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arbovirus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes that was first identified in Brazil in 2014. It causes a febrile illness characterised by severe arthralgia and rash. Our group investigated a suspected CHIKV outbreak in Governador Valadares, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil and from 25 acute-phase patients, 10 had qRT-PCR positive sera samples and had E1 partial sequence amplified and Sanger sequenced. Samples were identified as East/Central/South African (ECSA) genotype by phylogenetic analysis and clustered with CHIKV sequences isolated in the neighbour state of Bahia. Our findings confirm previous predictions that ECSA genotype would spread through northeast and southeast of Brazil.
In this paper, we establish new characterization results concerning totally umbilical hypersurfaces of the hyperbolic space
, under suitable constraints on the behavior of the Lorentzian Gauss map of complete hypersurfaces having some constant higher order mean curvature. Furthermore, working with different warped product models for
and supposing that certain natural inequalities involving two consecutive higher order mean curvature functions are satisfied, we study the rigidity and the nonexistence of complete hypersurfaces immersed in
In this paper, we deal with complete hypersurfaces immersed with bounded higher order mean curvatures in steady state-type spacetimes and in hyperbolic-type spaces. By applying a generalised maximum principle for the Yau's square operator , we obtain uniqueness results in each of these ambient spaces.
Cyclodextrin (CD) has been studied intensively due to its ability to form inclusion complexes with a variety of guest molecules in the solid state. A few studies have paid attention to the use of CD to facilitate the synthesis of inorganic nanoparticles. In this work the synthesis of magnetite (M) is made in the presence of CD. The particle size of the inorganic material is controlled by the presence of CD, in which spherical particles of few nanometers are grown. The synthesis of Fe3O4 (M) in the presence of α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) and β-cyclodextrin (βCD) is described. The formation of an M-CD complex is studied in both cases by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) in order to elucidate the chemical bonding of the complex. The morphology and size of the particles are determined by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) and software. X-ray diffraction (XRD) is used to confirm the formation of magnetite.
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