Genetic imprinting implies the preferential or exclusive expression of one of the parental alleles of a subset of autosomal loci. The insulin-like growth factor II (IGF2) and H19 loci are particularly interesting examples of this phenomenon since their products appear to display growth agonistic and antagonistic properties, respectively. In addition, IGF2 and H19 are only 90 kb apart, are expressed from opposite parental alleles [1,2] and show a striking similarity in their spatial expression patterns during human prenatal development . One exception is the choroid plexus and leptomeninges which express 1GF2 biallically with no detectable H19 expression . Observations like these have fuelled ideas that there is an enhancer competition between the IGF2 and H19 loci . The imprinting status of the H19 locus would then indirectly control the expressivity of IGF2. This model is likely to be too simple since the P1 promoter of IGF2 is not functionally imprinted during liver development in humans . Moreover, while the liver P2-P4 promoters are expressed primarily from the paternally derived allele during human prenatal development, the P2-P4 promoters can be expressed from both parental alleles in complex patterns during postnatal human development . The enhancer competition model might be put to the test in human and mouse uniparental embryos since the parental origin of their diploid genomes cannot be discerned. Unexpectedly, H19 which is expressed preferentially from the maternal allele in mouse  and human  placenta is expressed in both mouse and human trophoblasts (in complete hydatidiform moles) lacking the maternal genome. In the normal human placenta, the repressed paternal H19 allele is more methylated. Interestingly, the CpG methylation pattern of H19 is strikingly similar between normal placenta and complete moles. Hence, both paternal H19 alleles are similarly methylated indicating that postzygotic modification events typical of normal development have taken place in complete moles as well in spite of the absence of the maternal genome. In contrast to the normal placenta, H19 is expressed biallelically in complete moles as assessed by allele-specific in situ hybridisation analysis of dispermie moles . We discuss these results in relation to current models of IGF2/H19 imprinting mechanism(s).