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We are currently conducting three kinds of IR surveys of star forming regions (SFRs) in order to seek for very low-mass young stellar populations. First is a deep JHKs-bands (simultaneous) survey with the SIRIUS camera on the IRSF 1.4m or the UH 2.2m telescopes. Second is a very deep JHKs survey with the CISCO IR camera on the Subaru 8.2m telescope. Third is a high resolution companion search around nearby YSOs with the CIAO adaptive optics coronagraph IR camera on the Subaru. In this contribution, we describe our SIRIUS camera and present preliminary results of the ongoing surveys with this new instrument.
We reported a waveguide-type optical switch fabricated on a Si substrate which utilized the Quantum Confined Stark Effect (QCSE). The prepared sample is an Al0.3Ga0.7As (cladding layer) / Al0.25Ga0.75As (guiding layer) double-heterostructure (DH) optical switch with a GaAs single quantum well (SQW) in the guiding layer by MOCVD. The absorption edge of the sample is measured by photocurrent method under reverse bias using a cw Ti: Sapphire laser for a light source. We measured about 10 nm shift of the absorption edge at -8 V from the sample with 8.3 nm SQW. This result demonstrates the Stark-shift effect of GaAs SQW on Si. A 2.5 μm-width ridge was formed by etching in the top cladding layer and the light traveling in the guiding layer was confined to a fundamental mode in vertical (parallel to growth direction) and horizontal direction. This switch showed 33.1 dB/mm modulation at 867 nm wavelength in -8 V bias.
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