To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Hysteroscopy and laparoscopy are part of the global management of the patient. The diagnostic performance of hysteroscopy is undisputed for the uterine cavity itself. On the therapeutic side, there are reports that show a significant improvement in fertility results after hysteroscopic surgery of intrauterine conditions, although this is not always the case. These findings, together with the simplicity of the office procedure, make a strong case in favor of routine investigation of the uterine cavity by hysteroscopy before entering an assisted reproductive technology (ART) program. Laparoscopy requires general anesthesia in the majority of cases. There are conditions that indicate laparoscopic treatment prior to in vitro fertilization (IVF). More and more randomized controlled trials (RCTs) demonstrate that treating the patient before IVF improves the results of assisted procreation. Indications for a laparoscopic treatment do not differ before IVF from what they would have been without use of IVF.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) has completely changed the field of reproductive medicine. More than 80% of oocytes were reported to resume meiosis independent of the menstrual cycle day and gonadotropin support in in vitro maturation (IVM) medium. Collection and IVM of these already existing immature oocytes provides multiple metaphase II (MII) oocytes that can be fertilized in vitro. Young women with high antral-follicle counts achieve the highest pregnancy rates with IVM. Therefore, IVM is considered an established treatment option for women with polycystic ovaries (PCO) or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) who need treatment with assisted reproductive technologies (ART). Age of the woman and the number of oocytes collected are the two most important determinants of pregnancy following an IVM cycle. Young women with PCO are the best candidates for IVM treatment. IVM is a relatively new technology and clinical experience with this technique is limited compared to conventional IVF.