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Brain abscess is uncommon in paediatric population, but of clinical importance because of significant long-term morbidity and mortality. In this multicentre study, promoted by the Italian Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases, we retrospectively collected patients aged 0–18 years, with a diagnosis of ‘brain abscess’. Seventy-nine children were included; the median age was 8·75 years. As predisposing factor, 44 children had preceding infections. The Gram-positive cocci were mostly isolated (27 cases). Sixty (76%) children underwent a surgical intervention. Intravenous antibiotic therapy was administered in all patients, then switched to oral treatment. Clinical sequelae were recorded in 31 (39·2%) children. Twenty-one of them had a single sequela, of which, the most represented, was epilepsy in nine of them. This study focus the attention on the need to have standardized national guidelines or adequate recommendations on type and duration of antibiotic treatment.
Computational screening is becoming increasingly useful in the search for new materials. We are interested in the design of new semiconductors to be used for light harvesting in a photoelectrochemical cell. In the present paper, we study the double perovskite structures obtained by combining 46 stable cubic perovskites which was found to have a finite bandgap in a previous screening-study.1 The four-metal double perovskite space is too large to be investigated completely. For this reason we propose a method for combining different metals to obtain a desired bandgap. We derive some bandgap design rules on how to combine two cubic perovskites to generate a new combination with a larger or smaller bandgap compared with the constituent structures. Those rules are based on the type of orbitals involved in the conduction bands and on the size of the two cubic bandgaps. We also see that a change in the volume has an effect on the size of the bandgap. In addition, we suggest some new candidate materials that can be used as photocatalysts in one- and two-photon water splitting devices.
Active pulmonary tuberculosis was diagnosed in a 4-month-old infant 16 days after hospitalization; 186 exposed individuals were traced and one conversion detected. Although the risk of tuberculosis transmission in paediatric hospitals is low, paediatricians in low-incidence countries should maintain a high level of alert for timely identification of cases.
Jodrell Bank Observatory is responsible for the Front end modules (FEMs) for 30 GHz for LFI, with IAC being responsible for the hybrids and any phase switch. The University of Cantabria are responsible for the Back end modules (BEMs). Developments have been made to test prototypes both warm and cold for the FEMs. This is evolving towards flight hardware through an elegant breadboard phase EBB. Results of system performance show both white noise and 1/f characteristics.
From models of the Sun atmosphere obtained with ATLAS 9 (Kurucz 1992) it appears that the diffusion limit of the transfer equation becomes valid only at depths larger than TR ~ 10. Even with physics as consistent as possible one restores the atmosphere with an accuracy not better than ~ 40%, but with small consequences on solar calibrated models. Despite the eigenmodes have turning points located in the atmosphere, the study of the oscillations reveals differences less than 2μHz when the atmosphere is restored with various assumptions.
Fasting plasma triglycerides and cholesterol, as well as cholesterol in very low density, low density and high density lipoproteins, were measured in 250 MZ and 264 DZ adult male twin pairs. A new method was used to choose an estimate of genetic variance. This includes an estimate of genetic variance for use when the total variances of MZ and DZ twins are unequal. DZ twins had greater total variance for cholesterol. When genetic variance was estimated by subtracting the within-MZ-sets mean square from the within-DZ-sets mean square, all of the lipids had significant estimates of genetic variance; however, when genetic variance was estimated by a method designed to correct bias due to unequal total variances of MZ and DZ twins, only triglycerides had significant genetic variance. The heritability of plasma triglycerides was calculated to be 0.68.
(Solar Phys.). Microwave burst data from the August 7, 1972 event recorded on nine discrete frequencies between 245 and 35000 MHz at the Sagamore Hill Radio Observatory (Figure 1) provide a basis for correlation studies (especially timing information) of the associated white light flare, the high energy particle emission, type II bursts, and many other phenomena. This is perhaps the first time that sufficient radio coverage (i.e., data above 10000 MHz) was available to obtain the spectral slope information (related to electron-energy distribution) which is inherent in this part of the spectrum. Heretofore, timing was related to burst flux density profile variations. Improved correlations resulted from shorter centimeter wavelength data which supplied more accurate timing information than that derived from Hα observations. The shape and intensity of the burst peak flux density spectrum has also been used for qualitative analysis of energetic particle and white light events. The ultimate good may possibly come from spectral analysis of the minute by minute variation of the burst microwave radiation spectral slope α (above fmax) in the area between 15000 and 35000 MHz. This may be used alone or in relation to the position of fmax, where fmax is the frequency of burst maximum emission at a given time. This is basically our present investigation.
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