Many endocrine disorders present with symptoms of depression, thus differentiating primary depressive disorders from such endocrine conditions can be challenging. Awareness of the typical clinical picture of endocrine disorders is of primary importance. This article discusses a variety of common and uncommon endocrine disorders and the symptomatology that might suggest a depressive illness, and reviews literature on how endocrinopathies can mimic depression. Emphasis is also placed on the role that stress can play in the pathogenesis of endocrine disorders. Psychiatrists should be familiar with the range of presenting symptoms for endocrine disorders, and they should not rely on the presence or absence of stressors to guide their differential diagnosis between depression and endocrine disorder.