There are 16 species of Trichoclinocera Collin recognized from the Nearctic region, including eight new species. Four of six species-groups of Trichoclinocera are recognized in the Nearctic region, with the following included species: (1) T. comata group — T. cascadensis sp.nov. (type-locality Starvation Creek, Oregon, U.S.A.), T. comata (Melander) comb.nov., and T. rupestris sp.nov. (type-locality Newton Creek, Wyoming, U.S.A.); (2) T. dolicheretma group — T. dolicheretma (Melander); (3) T. lapponica group — T. lapponica (Ringdahl) comb.nov.; (4) T. longipes group — T. agilis sp.nov. (type-locality Fall Creek Falls, Tennessee, U.S.A.), T. ctenistes (Melander), T. dasycoxa sp.nov. (type-locality Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), T. falcata sp.nov. (type-locality Gatineau Park, Quebec, Canada), T. fumosa (Vaillant) comb.nov., T. hamifera (Melander), T. longipes (Walker). T. minor (Melander), T. ozarkensis sp.nov. (type-locality Haw Creek Falls, Arkansas, U.S.A.), and T. pectinifemur sp.nov. (type-locality Phoenixville, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.). The following new synonyms are proposed: T. brunnipennis (Melander) = T. dolicheretma; and Seguyella saltans (Vaillant) = T. hamifera. Lectotypes are designated for T. comata, T. ctenistes, T. dolicheretma, T. brunnipennis, T. hamifera, T. lapponica, and T. stackelbergi Collin. Seguyella Vaillant and Acanthoclinocera Saigusa are newly synonymized with Trichoclinocera and all species formerly placed in these genera are transferred to Trichoclinocera, except Acanthoclinocera glaucescens (Brunetti) which is transferred as Wiedemannia glaucescens (Brunetti) comb.nov.This revision includes a key to Nearctic species, a description of each species, and maps of species distributions. Homologies of male terminalia of Clinocerinae are summarized and the first descriptions of the immature stages of species of Trichoclinocera also are provided. A world list of described species of Trichoclinocera is provided and all species are assigned to one of six species-groups, except T. cummingi sp.nov. (type-locality Robber’s Cave, Oklahoma. U.S.A.), T. fluviatilis (Brunetti) comb.nov., T. fuscipennis Saigusa, and T. maewa Smith, which remain unplaced. The monophyly of Trichoclinocera is justified and phylogenetic relationships to the remaining Clinocerinae and among species-groups are discussed.