A new lichen species, Aspicilia digitata Sohrabi & Litterski, is described and illustrated. It differs from the Eurasian and American A. fruticulosa and A. hispida by having a more or less spherical thallus, a very intricate structure of finger-like, cylindrical branchlets and black spots on the tips of the branchlets. Aspicilia digitata is a terricolous vagrant species found at high altitudes in the Tian-Shan Mountains, Kyrgyzstan. It is not known in the fertile condition and presumably reproduces by fragmentation. Molecular comparisons with other related species are provided.