The goal of this study is to describe gender-specific care situations based on interviews and case studies with key caregivers. Eight main themes emerged; namely, the action of taking a certain degree of additional responsibility, the perception of the process of illness, the care received from the formal and informal networks, the effects of assuming care on the male or female caregiver's social life, the quality of care given, the caregiver's own health, the costs associated with caregiving and the survival strategies adopted by male and female caregivers. Recommendations were proposed by interviewees and the findings point to the conclusion that changes to the health and social services network have affected women and men informal caregivers. Women enjoyed limited informal support, and it would appear that informal caregiving has consequences that affect the health, mental well-being, social life, and economic autonomy of women. These case studies will contribute to a systematic gender-based analysis during the development of programs and policies directed towards formal and informal caregivers.