Nanostructured metal oxides with high surface areas have been shown to be efficient photoelectrodes for light-to-energy conversion in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). In this work we demonstrate the use of nanofibrous mats of transparent conducting oxides (TCOs) as nanostructured electrodes, especially for DSCs. The nanofibers have been obtained by electrospinning suitable inorganic precursors and polymers, followed by calcination to remove the polymer. Afterwards, TiO2 layers were generated on our 3D-electrodes by electrodeposition. An improved performance as DSC was found compared to flat electrodes of similar thickness, validating our approach.