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This study was conducted for the purpose of adapting the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy–Spiritual Well-Being Scale (FACIT–Sp) for the Turkish context and determining its validity and reliability.
In 2016, a convenience sample of 137 cancer patients from Malatya State Hospital completed a structured questionnaire, which provided demographic characteristics, and the FACIT–Sp–12 for patients with cancer. The obtained data were assessed using Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient (α), Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient (r), factor analysis, Bartlett's test of sphericity, and the Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin (KMO) measure of sampling adequacy.
The result of the KMO test was determined to be 0.827 and that of Bartlett's test 988.692, and both were observed to be significant at a level of p < 0.001. The value of Cronbach's α for the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) was determined to be 0.87, and the α values for the SWBS subgroups ranged from 0.78 to 0.93. Our analysis determined that the factors had initial eigenvalues above 1, and that they accounted for 61.61% of the total variance.
Significance of results:
Our study determined that the Turkish version of the FACIT–Sp has validity and reliability and can be used in Turkish society. We believe that the scale can be used safely in determining convenient care and in planning individual educational programs to enhance patients' spiritual well-being.
The aim of this study was to evaluate meaning in life and its predictors in Turkish patients with cancer.
A convenience sample of 182 patients with cancer at a Turkish university hospital completed a structured questionnaire including demographic characteristics, disease/treatment characteristics, symptom level, and the meaning in life scale for patients with cancer in 2007. The researcher visited the oncology clinic five work days in every week and conducted interviews with the patients. In analysis of the data, correlation, t-tests, Kruskal-Wallis variance and regression analysis were used.
In this study, the mean score of the total meaning in life showed that the patients tended to be undecided concerning meaning in life. Education level, age, and diagnosis duration of the independent variables were effective predictors of meaning in life. Together the independent variables explained 24.3% of the variance of the purpose subscale, 26.2% of the variance of the coherence subscale, 14% of the variance of the choice/responsibleness subscale, and 44.1% of the total variance of the goal seeking subscale. Overall the independent variables explained 19.8% of the total variance of the total meaning in life.
Significance of results:
The results in this study should increase the awareness of cancer care professionals about a range of the meaning in life and may help them to target particular patient groups for detail support interventions.
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