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Health anxiety, hypochondriasis and personality disturbance commonly coexist. The impact of personality status was assessed in a secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial (RCT).
To test the impact of personality status using ICD-11 criteria on the clinical and cost outcomes of treatment with cognitive–behavioural therapy for health anxiety (CBT-HA) and standard care over 2 years.
Personality dysfunction was assessed at baseline in 444 patients before randomisation and independent assessment of costs and outcomes made on four occasions over 2 years.
In total, 381 patients (86%) had some personality dysfunction with 184 (41%) satisfying the ICD criteria for personality disorder. Those with no personality dysfunction showed no treatment differences (P = 0.90) and worse social function with CBT-HA compared with standard care (P<0.03) whereas all other personality groups showed greater improvement with CBT-HA maintained over 2 years (P<0.001). Less benefit was shown in those with more severe personality disorder (P<0.05). Costs were less with CBT-HA except for non-significant greater differences in those with moderate or severe personality disorder.
The results contradict the hypothesis that personality disorder impairs response to CBT in health anxiety in both the short and medium term.
Anabolic androgenic steroids are synthetic derivatives of testosterone that promote the growth of skeletal muscles and have many recognised cardiovascular effects. We report the clinical presentation and pathological findings of an adolescent male whose sudden cardiac arrest following ventricular fibrillation was attributed to anabolic androgenic steroid use. The age of our patient reflects the usage of anabolic androgenic steroids among younger athletes and highlights the need for increased awareness among practitioners.
To examine the clinical outcome and bed usage in patients with comorbid substance misuse and psychosis. The patients were randomised to ordinary assertive outreach team care or to enhanced assertive outreach with nidotherapy. Ratings of clinical symptoms, social function, engagement with services, bed usage (primary outcome after 1 year) and economic costs were assessed at baseline and at 6 and 12 months after randomisation.
Patients referred to nidotherapy had similar reduction in symptoms and engagement, with marginal superiority in social function (P = 0.045). There was a 110% reduction in hospital bed use after 1 year compared with control assertive care (P = 0.03). The mean cost savings for each patient allocated to nidotherapy was £14705 per year, mainly as a consequence of reduced psychiatric bed use.
Nidotherapy shows promise in the treatment of substance misuse and psychosis and may reduce hospital bed usage.