We investigate implantation of high purity HVPE GaN with Mg, Be, C, Zn, Cd, Ca, N, O, P, As, Ne, and Ar. After annealing at 1300 °C, the material is characterized using low temperature photoluminescence (PL). The Mg acceptors exhibit much better optical activation than Be, C, Zn, Cd, or Ca acceptors implanted and annealed under the same conditions. Acceptor-bound exciton peaks and well-resolved donor-acceptor pair bands are observed for both Mg and Zn. A broad peak centered near 2.78 eV is obtained for Cd, confirming that it is deeper than Zn. Isoelectronic As or P exhibit sharp no-phonon bound exciton lines at 2.952 and 3.200 eV, respectively. Defect-related bands centered at 2.2 and 2.35 eV are studied. Both Be and C strongly enhance the yellow (2.2 eV) PL band, but no other impurities do so, including O.