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We study the evolution of the emissivity correlated with magnetic flux density of an active region from its birth until its decay throughout all atmospheric layers. We analyse multi-wavelength data obtained from SOHO, Yohkoh, GOES, SOLSTICE and 10.7 cm radio data from DRAO, Canada. We utilise our results to understand the scaling laws in different atmospheric layers. We confirm that the relationship between the emitted excess flux (flux - basal flux) and photospheric magnetic flux density ΔF(< f B >) follow power laws, and the powers depend on the formation temperature of the line(s) involved.
We determine the age of 7 stars in the Ursa Major moving group using a novel method that models the fundamental parameters of rapidly rotating A-stars based on interferometric observations and literature photometry and compares these parameters (namely, radius, luminosity, and rotation velocity) with evolution models that account for rotation. We find these stars to be coeval, thus providing an age estimate for the moving group and validating this technique. With this technique validated, we determine the age of the rapidly rotating, directly imaged planet host star, κ Andromedae.
A new beam-combination and detection system has been installed in the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer working at the red end of the visual spectrum (λλ 500–950 nm) to complement the existing blue-sensitive system (λλ 430–520 nm) and to provide an increase in sensitivity. Dichroic beam-splitters have been introduced to allow simultaneous observations with both spectral systems, albeit with some restriction on the spectral range of the longer wavelength system (λλ 550–760 nm). The blue system has been upgraded to allow remote selection of wavelength and spectral bandpass, and to enable simultaneous operation with the red system with the latter providing fringe-envelope tracking. The new system and upgrades are described and examples of commissioning tests presented. As an illustration of the improvement in performance the measurement of the angular diameter of the southern F supergiant δ CMa is described and compared with previous determinations.
Analytical transmission electron microscopy was applied to some authigenic chlorites occurring as grain coatings in sandstones. Compositional variation proved to be relatively slight: all were magnesian chamosites. The coating chlorites were often intimately mixed with extremely fine-grained (0·01–0·2 µm) hematite but analytical ‘contamination’ was avoided because of the very high resolution of both observation (spot location) and analysis. One example of a water-sensitive (‘swelling chlorite’) coating was also studied. This proved to have a very much more variable composition even within a single section. The coating appeared to include both chloritic and vermiculitic components. The effect of this on structural formulae is discussed and a model proposed in which the ‘talc’ layer may be common to both components.