Even in the new millenium, many astronomical objects cannot be resolved spatially with any available telescope. Most stars are too small and galaxies are too far away to be imaged directly or in detail in the foreseeable future. However, advances in data-analysis techniques allow us now to create detailed indirect images using tomographic methods. These images provide unprecedented insights into fundamental processes that drive the evolution of stars and galaxies, such as accretion and magnetic-field generation, on length scales that are of great physical importance but which are otherwise inaccessible.
Joint Discussion 09 was held on two half-days during the General Assembly. The main proceedings will be published in full in a special issue of Astronomische Nachrichten, to which the reader is referred, early in 2004. Here we give only a brief listing of subjects addressed and the titles of talks presented at the meeting.