In order to achieve better performance of devices, the interconnects RC delay time, the limiting factor of the device speed today, must be reduced. This calls for a new interconnect stack: lower resistivity Copper and low k materials (k<3) as dielectrics.
Fluorinated amorphous carbon (a-F:C) prepared by HDP- CVD is an attractive candidate as a low-k material. In this work we have studied the film, its stability and its interface with Copper metallization. The high density plasma CVD process resulted in a film which contains C and F at a ratio of 1:0.6 as determined by Nuclear Reactions Analysis. XPS analysis of the Cls transition indicated four types of bonds: C-C, C-CF, CF, and CF2. X-ray diffraction as well as high resolution TEM analyses proved that the film was amorphous at least up to 500°C anneal. For various applications, the advantage of adding a thin bi-layer of a-SiC/SiOx for adhesion promotion purposes was demonstrated. In addition, the interface of a-F:C and the adhesion promoter layer with Ta, TaN and Cu was studied. No interdiffusion was observed by SIMS after 400°C annealing. 500°C annealing caused F outdiffusion from the film and Cu diffusion into the adhesion promoter layer.