We present initial results from a program that we have begun, aimed at increasing the number of GPS and CSS sources for which good spectroscopic data are available for a variety of emission lines. We combine new observational data with previously published results to investigate whether there are any relationships between the excitation state of the gas and the radio properties of the sources, retaining distinctions between GPS and GSS galaxies and quasars. In scenarios where the youngest, most compact sources interact most strongly with the gas, it is perhaps to be expected that this can have an effect on the overall excitation state of the gas, which could therefore correlate with radio properties such as turnover frequency that plausibly trace the source size and age. However, we find a degree of scatter between the turnover frequency and gas excitation state that is several times larger than the characteristic degree of uncertainty in our line ratio measurements. This would suggest that either there is no underlying relationship between turnover frequency and excitation state, or alternatively that any potential relationship is completely diluted by variations in the intrinsic properties of the gas from one source to the next, which would thus be an important factor in determining the source properties.