As part of a population genetics survey of the hybrid zone between mouse subspecies Mus musculus domesticus and M. m. musculus, we identified and characterized the t haplotypes in 1068 mice from 186 different populations in a 2500 km2 area in central Jutland. On the basis of two t-specific PCR markers, 130 mice possessed this haplotype. The allele frequencies at six microsatellites on the third and fourth chromosomal inversions of the t region were sufficiently different between t-bearing and non-t-bearing mice, and linkage disequilibria sufficiently marked on the t haplotype, to be able to reconstitute the genotype of most t haplotypes. A total of three frequent and 15 rarer haplotypes were identified. These haplotypes resemble each other more than they resemble a panel of known haplotypes from a wide range of geographical regions, except for tw73, which was also extracted from Jutland. The patterns of variation at the microsatellite loci suggest that the Jutland haplotypes were derived from a small number of haplotypes, followed by recombination between complementing haplotypes. Further evidence of recombination came from complementation tests that we performed, showing the lack of concordance between the degrees of complementation and of molecular resemblance between haplotypes. This study shows that it is possible to characterize the presence and variation of t haplotypes by a population genetics approach using simple molecular markers. However recombination between t haplotypes has occurred frequently enough to obscure the links between this variation and the biological properties of distortion and lethality of the haplotypes that originally colonized Jutland.