Ten adult female mink (Mustela vison) were studied in a 7 d balance experiment consisting of a 2 d pre-surgery feeding period, followed by surgery, 1 d of recovery, 4 d of ad libitum feeding, and a 2d fasting period. In this experiment (Expt A) the animals had osmoticpumps implanted for continuous release of radioactively-labelled p–aminohippuric acid (p–aminobenzoyl-2-[3H]glycine; [3H]PAH;n10) and 14C-labelled inulin ([14C]IN; n 5). Repeated 24 h collections of urine, corrected to 100%[3H]PAH or [14C]IN recovery, were used for accurate determination of N balances, 24 h urinary excretion of urea, creatinine, and total N, and calculation of mean 24 h renal clearance rates for endogenous creatinine and inulin. N balances were slightly below zero, but not significantly different between feeding and fasting periods, indicating that correction to 100% [3H]PAH recovery resulted in slight overestimation of thefinal balances. During fasting, withdrawal of the dietary water and protein loads resulted in a dramatic decline in 24 h urinary volume, and urea and creatinine excretion. Large individualvariations in 24h urinary creatinine excretion (with relative variation coefficients up to 30%) confirmed that this is an unreliable index of the completeness of urine collection. In this respect, recovery rates of [3H]PAH proved far more consistent. Renal clearance values obtained in fed mink were in fair agreement with published data from cats, dogs and ferrets (Mustela putorius furo). Inulin clearance was about 30% higher than endogenous creatinine clearance, although its decline in response to fasting was not significant. In a separate study (Expt B)another ten female mink were equipped with osmotic pumps containing [3H]PAH for determination of 24 h excretion rates of purine derivatives. During feeding, allantoin accounted for more than 97 % of the excretion of purine derivatives in urine, uric acid making up less than 2·5%, xanthine and hypoxanthine less than 1 %. In fasted animals, urinary excretion of each of these purine derivatives declined to less than 50% of the feeding value. In conclusion, an experimental technique is presented for efficient and accurate measurements of daily urinary excretion of nitrogenous constituents, which allows for correct determination of N balances in adult mink and, presumably, in other mammalian species.