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We propose work-family researchers investigate individual differences in personal responsibility for work-life balance (PRWLB), defined as a self-directed attitude toward work-life balance that recognizes personal choice and priorities. We examine variation in PRWLB across country, gender, and cultural values. Data were collected from 3446 employees working for a multinational firm in eight countries (i.e., Egypt, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Morocco, Nigeria, Poland, Russia, and Turkey). Results indicated significant variation in PRWLB across countries with participants from Hungary reporting the lowest mean scores and participants from Russia reporting the highest mean scores. Variation as a function of cultural values and interactions between cultural values and gender were also detected. Our findings demonstrate that the perspective that one takes in terms of personal responsibility meaningfully varies across cultural contexts. We describe implications for the development of culture-sensitive theories of work-family experiences.