Raman spectroscopy is a very popular, non-destructive tool for the structural characterisation of carbons. Raman scattering from carbons is always a resonant process, in which those configurations whose band gaps match the excitation energy are preferentially excited. The Raman spectra of carbons do not follow the vibration density of states, but consist of three basic features, the G and D peaks around 1600 and 1350 cm-1 and an extra T peak, for UV excitation, at ∼980–1060 cm-1. TheRaman spectra at any wavelength depend on 1) clustering of the sp2 phase, 2)bond length and bond angle disorder, 3) presence of sp2 rings or chains, and 4) the sp2/sp3 ratio. It will be shown how the basic features of the Raman spectra vary by rationalising them within a three-stage model of order of carbons. It is shown how the three-stage model can account for the vast range of experimental data available for Raman experiments at any excitation wavelength. This model can also account for apparently contradictory trends reported in literature, since the clustering of the sp2 phase and the sp3 to sp2 conversion are separately treated.