The isothermal oxidation of Pd-modified Ni aluminide coatings was studied as a function of Po2 and temperature (900–1200 °C). A kinetic transition was observed between 900 and 1000 °C. Grazing incident x-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectroscopy, and secondary ion mass spectrometry analyses are consistent with the growth of δ-alumina or α-alumina below or above this transition temperature. Moreover, because Po2 was established before specimen heating, an effect of heating rate was observed and analyzed. More importantly, no kinetic transition was observed for sand-blasted specimens oxidized at low Po2. Thus conditions for the direct growth of an α-alumina scale could be determined from the reported results.