To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Multiple representations in multimedia learning play a complementary role when learners exploit differences in computational properties or information by switching between representations and selecting the appropriate representation for the task at hand. The functional taxonomy that serves as the basis of this chapter is one proposed by the author as part of the DeFT framework for learning with multiple representations. It suggests that there are three main functions that multiple representations play when supporting learning, namely complementary, constraining, and constructing functions. Complementary multiple representations support learning by taking advantage of the differences between representations. In summary, there is evidence that providing (or asking learners to generate) multiple representations that learners must systematically relate to one another can indeed help learners come to a deeper understanding of phenomena under investigation. The chapter also discusses implications for cognitive theory and instructional design.