To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Transposition of the great arteries is a severe CHD that affects term neonates. The presence of major aortopulmonary collateral arteries in neonatal transposition of the great arteries patients is rare. This study investigated the clinical and haemodynamic implications of the presence of major aortopulmonary collateral arteries in neonatal transposition of the great arteries patients who underwent an arterial switch operation.
Materials and Methods:
The study was a retrospective analysis conducted on neonates diagnosed with transposition of the great arteries who underwent arterial switch operation within the period from 1 May 2020 to 1 January 2023 at two high-patient-volume paediatric cardiac surgery centres in Turkey. The patients’ demographic characteristics, echocardiographic features, and clinical data were analysed. Additionally, the possible clinical effects of the presence of major aortopulmonary collateral arteries were statistically evaluated.
Two hundred cases of neonatal transposition of the great arteries were included in this study, with 55% of the cases male. All the patients underwent arterial switch operation. The median age at the time of arterial switch operation was 5 days (interquartile range 3–7), with a median weight of 3,100 g (interquartile range 2,900–3,400). The median pre-operative saturation level was 76% (interquartile range 70–82%). Prior to arterial switch operation, 32 patients underwent balloon atrial septostomy.
In all the patients, the interatrial septum was checked to determine if the atrial septum was intact. A patent foramen ovale (≤ 3 mm) was found in 112 patients, and a non-restrictive atrial septal defect (> 3 mm) was found in 88. Forty-eight patients had ventricular septal defects, and 72 had coronary anomalies. Major aortopulmonary collateral arteries were found in 4 patients pre-operatively and in 12 patients after arterial switch operation (echocardiography, n = 8; angiography, n = 4). Of the patients with post-operative detection of cumulative number of major aortopulmonary collateral arteries were on post-operative day 1 in 2 patients, on post-operative day 3 in 5 patients, on post-operative day 7 in 6 patients, and on post-operative day 14 in 11 patients.
Transcatheter closure was performed in 3 cases due to recurrent extubation failure. Major aortopulmonary collateral artery shrinkage was observed in one case under medical treatment. The length of paediatric cardiac intensive care unit stay (10 days versus 8 days; p < 0.005), mechanical ventilator time (4 days versus 2 days; p = 0.02), and inotrope use time (5 days versus 3 days; p = 0.04) were higher in the major aortopulmonary collateral artery cases than patients without major aortopulmonary collateral artery.
Major aortopulmonary collateral arteries are frequent in transposition of the great arteries patients and may have clinical effects. The presence of major aortopulmonary collateral arteries should be investigated in patients who do not have a favourable post-operative course after arterial switch operation.
Mixed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection is a rare CHD with a wide variation in pulmonary venous anatomy and drainage. We present a ten-day-old newborn with a rare bizarre subtype of mixed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection.
Total abnormal pulmonary venous return anomaly is a CHD characterised by abnormal pulmonary venous flow directed to the right atrium. In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of these techniques on early rhythm problems in total abnormal pulmonary venous return anomaly cases operated with conventional or primary sutureless techniques.
Seventy consecutive cases (median age 1 month, median weight 4 kg) who underwent total abnormal pulmonary venous return anomaly repair with conventional or primary sutureless technique between May 1 2020 and May 1 2022 were evaluated. The rate, diagnosis, and possible risk factors of postoperative arrhythmias were investigated. The results were evaluated statistically.
When the total abnormal pulmonary venous return anomaly subgroup of 70 cases was evaluated, 40 cases were supracardiac, 18 cases were infracardiac, 7 cases were cardiac, and 5 cases were mixed type. Twenty-eight (40%) cases had a pulmonary venous obstruction. Primary sutureless technique (57%, supracardiac n = 24, mixed = 3, infracardiac = 13) was used in 40 patients. Median cardiopulmonary bypass time (110 versus 95 minutes) and median aortic clamp time (70 versus 60 minutes), median peak lactate (4.7 versus 4.8 mmol/l) in the first 72 hours, and median peak vasoactive inotropic score in the first 72 hours of the primary sutureless and conventional technique used cases value (8 versus 10) were similar. The total incidence of arrhythmias in the conventional group was significantly higher than in the primary sutureless group (46.7% versus 22.5%, p = 0.04). Supraventricular early beat was observed in 3 (7.5%), sinus tachycardia was seen in 6 (15%), junctional ectopic tachycardia was seen in 1 (2.5%), intra-atrial reentry tachycardia was seen in 1 (2.5%), usual supraventricular tachyarrhythmia was seen in 2 cases (5%) in the primary sutureless group. In the conventional group, supraventricular early beat was observed in six of the cases (20%), sinus tachycardia in five (16.7%), junctional ectopic tachycardia in four (13.3%), intra-atrial reentry tachycardia (10%) in three, and supraventricular tachyarrhythmia in seven cases (23.3%). In the first 30 days, there was a similar mortality rate (10% versus 10%), with four patients in the primary sutureless group and three in the conventional group. The median follow-up period of the cases was 8 months (interquartile range (IQR) 6–10 months). In the follow-up, arrhythmias were detected in two cases (one supraventricular tachyarrhythmia and one intra-atrial reentry tachycardia) in the primary sutureless group and three cases (two supraventricular tachyarrhythmia, one intra-atrial reentry tachycardia) in the conventional technique. All cases were converted to normal sinus rhythm with cardioversion and combined antiarrhythmic therapy.
Different arrhythmias can be observed in the early period in patients with operated total abnormal pulmonary venous return anomaly. Although a higher rate of rhythm problems was observed in the early period in the conventional method compared to the primary sutureless technique, no significant effect was found on mortality and morbidity between the groups.
Transposition of great arteries is one of newborns' most common cyanotic CHDs, and its treatment is arterial switch operation in the first days of life. Low cardiac output syndrome may develop in the early postoperative period. In this study, we evaluated perfusion index and left ventricular output blood flow changes in patients who underwent arterial switch operation and developed low cardiac output syndrome.
This study was conducted prospectively in newborns with transposition of great arteries who underwent arterial switch operation between 1st August 2020 and 1st August 2022. Low cardiac output syndrome score and left ventricular output were investigated. Initially, 6th, 12th, 18th, and 24th hour perfusion index and left ventricular output values of patients with and without low cardiac output syndrome were recorded. The results were evaluated statistically.
A total of 60 patients were included in the study. Sex distribution was equal. The median age at the time of surgery was 5 days (interquartile range 3–7 days), and the median weight was 3.1 kg (interquartile range 2.9–3. 4). Low cardiac output syndrome was detected in 30% (n = 18) of cases. The median perfusion index of patients who developed low cardiac output syndrome was significantly lower at the 12th, 18th, and 24th hours (p < 0.05) (0.99 versus 1.25, 0.86 versus 1.21, and 0.96 versus 1.33, respectively). Similarly, the median left ventricular output of patients who developed low cardiac output syndrome was significantly lower at 12th, 18th, and 24th hours (p < 0.05) (95 versus 110 ml/kg/min, 89 versus 109 ml/kg/min, and 92 versus 112 ml/kg/min, respectively). There was a significant correlation between perfusion index values and left ventricular output at all measurements (r > 0.500, p < 0.05).
Perfusion index and left ventricular output measurements decreased in newborns who developed low cardiac output syndrome after arterial switch operation, especially at 12th and 18th hours. Serial perfusion index and left ventricular output measurements can be instructive in predicting low cardiac output syndrome development.
This study aimed to analyse the results of paediatric aortic valve repairs in our institution.
The data of 57 patients under 18 years of age who underwent aortic valve repair between 2014 and 2019 were retrospectively analysed. Early postoperative reoperation and hospital mortality rates were evaluated based on the ages of the patients, their preoperative diagnoses, and the surgical techniques used. Survival curves for groups of patients were calculated by Kaplan–Meier analysis.
The rate of reoperation was 14% (n = 8), and there were no significant differences regarding valve pathologies and preoperative diagnoses (p > 0.05). Among the repair techniques, tricuspidisation was considered to be a risk factor for reoperation (p < 0.05). Augmentation, the material used (0.1 PTFE or pericardium), and the number of cusps were not found to have significant effects on reoperation or mortality. The mean follow-up period was 29.86 ± 21.30 months. The survival rates of the patients were 88%, 100%, and 88.2% for those with aortic stenosis, aortic insufficiency, and mixed disease, respectively, and no significant difference was found when these rates were evaluated with the log-rank test (p > 0.05). The mortality rate was 8.8% (n = 5), and undergoing surgery before the age of 1 year was found to be significant in terms of mortality (p = 0.032, p < 0.05). The bicuspid aortic valve group had the lowest mortality risk, while the Shone complex group had the highest.
With its acceptable reoperation and mortality rates, aortic valve repair should be the first choice of treatment in the paediatric age group. Early results were satisfactory in all groups.
The optimal visceral preservation method during aortic arch reconstruction is still controversial. It has been thought that double aortic cannulation is effective. Herein, it was aimed to evaluate this technique in providing distal perfusion.
A total of 74 patients who underwent arch reconstruction between 2011 and 2019 were included. Patients were grouped according to ventricular physiology and cannulation strategies. Group 1 were univentricle patients, and all had double aortic cannulation. Group 2 were biventricular patients. Group 2A double aortic cannulation-done and Group 2B non-double aortic cannulation were included. Lactate, urea, creatinine values, renal functions, and need for peritoneal dialysis of patients were evaluated.
There were no complications observed due to descending aortic cannulation in any of the patients. A delayed sternal closure and the need for peritoneal dialysis were more common in the Group 1 (p < 0.01). The preoperative and postoperative 1st- and 2nd-day lactate, urea, and creatinine values in the Group 1 were higher (p < 0.05) when compared with the Group 2A and 2B. The same values were higher in Group 2A than the Group 2B (p < 0.05).
The positive effect of double aortic cannulation on renal dysfunction could not be demonstrated. This may be associated with a <1 month of age, low weight, complex surgical procedure, and high preoperative lactate, urea, and creatinine values in patients with double aortic cannulation.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.